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Golf Industry Facts

Our NGF researchers have measured the health and vitality of the U.S. golf industry for more than 80 years. Through the support of our members, we’re able to provide golf’s stakeholders with accurate and timely information that helps everyone in golf become smarter about the industry in which they operate.

Members can access the annual "Graffis Report," our holistic golf industry overview, by clicking HERE.


Golf participation is a core measure of golf’s vitality.  NGF closely tracks how many people play the game, as well as the demographic composition of America's golf consumer base.

Golf's overall reach is an estimated

0 Million

– one out of every three Americans age 6+ -

played golf (on-course or off-course), followed golf on television or online, read about the game, or listened to a golf-related podcast in 2021.

Southern Dunes Golf Club / Allan Henry / ahenry.com,

0 Million

– Americans age 6+ -

played golf – BOTH on-course and off-course – in 2021.

This includes 25.1 million people who played on a golf course and another 12.4 million who participated exclusively in off-course golf activities at places like driving ranges, indoor golf simulators, or golf entertainment venues like Topgolf and Drive Shack.

(To access NGF's annual Golf Participation in the U.S. report, Click here.)

The record number of people who played on a golf course for the first time in 2021:

0 Million

The industry has had eight straight years with more than 2 million beginners, with the past two topping 3 million. Prior to the pandemic-boosted totals of 2020 and 2021, the previous recorded-high of 2.4 million was set in 2000, when Tiger Woods was at the height of his popularity. Retention and conversion to committed players remains an industry focus, and obstacle.


The category of young adults (18-34 year olds) is among the sport's biggest customer age segments, with

0 Million

on-course participants and another

0 Million

off-course only participants.

The engagement within this demographic has remained steady for nearly a decade. Interest in playing among non-golfing young adults is high, with more than 5 million saying they are "very interested" in taking up the game.

0 Million Juniors

played golf on a course in 2021, remaining steady after a 24% increase in 2020 that was the largest since 1997. This segment remains more diverse than the overall golf population.

More than one-third


of today's juniors are girls compared to 15% in 2000. More than one-quarter of juniors are non-Caucasian while just 6% were minority participants just over 20 years ago.


There were approximately

0 Million Female On-Course Golfers

(age 6+) in 2021.

The number of female golfers (adult and junior) has surpassed 6 million the past two years for the first time since prior to the financial crisis in 2007.


of on-course golfers are women. Females represent a disproportionately higher percentage of beginners (37%), juniors (36%) and off-course participants (44%) than they do in the overall golf population.

Latent Demand

0 Million

people who didn’t play golf in 2021 said they are "very interested" in playing golf on a golf course.

The almost 20% increase in this pool of potential golfers over the past five years is attributable in part to the growth and popularity of off-course golf. Almost half of this untapped demand is comprised of "lapsed golfers" who played on a course previously, but not within the past year, while the rest are those who never played golf on a course before.

There are over 42 million more who say they are "somewhat interested" in playing.


Rounds Played

(Looking for monthly rounds played reports? Click here.)

Play increased significantly in the U.S. in 2020 and 2021.

Last year's increase over 2020’s pandemic-driven total was about +5%. The biggest driver was the 2021 spring rebound, with almost 30 million more rounds played in March and April than the previous year, when more than half of the nation's courses were temporarily closed due to coronavirus-related restrictions. 

While 2021 play didn’t quite keep pace with second-half surges in 2020, rounds still finished up 19% versus the three-year average from 2017-19.

Golf Course Supply

Since our start in 1936, we’ve kept tabs on every golf course in the U.S.  As the go-to source of golf supply information, our team verifies golf courses every day, identifying which are open, which closed and any new projects in development.  Not only do stakeholders benefit from knowing how many golf courses there are, they also get insight into the balance of public and private golf in the U.S., playing fees and more.

There were more than

0 Golf Courses at

0 Golf Facilities

in the U.S. at the end of 2021. That's more golf courses nationwide than Starbucks or McDonald's stores.

(a facility is defined as a business location where golf can be played on one or more golf courses).

Golf remains broadly accessible, with about


of facilities open to the public

(2,500+ Municipal, 7,800 Daily Fee+)
Prior to 2006,

there was a 20-year expansion cycle where U.S. golf course supply grew by


Since 2006,

there has been a cumulative contraction of approximately


which has been disproportionately concentrated in value-priced courses (less than $40 greens fee).

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